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Carbon dioxide geosequestration method coupled with shale gas recovery.

Tadeusz Niezgoda, Ewelina Małek

Vol. 30, no. 1 (2013), s. 161-166, [1]

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Shale gas in the United States over the past decade, and interest has spread to potential gas shales in Canada, Europe, Asia, and Australia. One analyst expects shale gas to supply as much as half the natural gas production in North America by 2020. Carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS) is a set of technologies for the capture of CO2 from its anthropogenic point sources, its transport to a storage location, and its geosequestration. This is only one, though very important, option in a portfolio of actions to fight the increase of atmospheric CO2 concentration and to mitigate climate change, while at the same time allowing for the continued use of fossil fuels. Deployment of CCS technologies is expected to be limited in the next 5-10 years, but to contribute significantly to the reduction of CO2 emissions 20 years from now. Capture of CO2 using existing separation techniques can be applied to large point sources, i.e. power plants or industrial plants; CO2 can be easily transported over large distances using pipelines and ships; finally CO2 can be permanently stored in suitable deep geological formations, namely deep saline aquifers, oil or gas reservoirs, and unmineable coal seams, or it can be fixed in carbonates. The paper deals with the innovative method of carbon dioxide storage coupled with gas shale fracturing and methane recovery developed in the Military University of Technology. It allows to effectively mine the shale gas and to store carbon dioxide in shale rock. It must be noticed that CO2 pollution is a very important problem in Poland, because of European Union CO2 limits. Also carbon dioxide thermodynamic process of decompression numerical calculation, which simulates the injection of the cold liquid gas into the shale formation (high temperature and pressure conditions) and its influence on shale rock fracturing as well as initial experimental verification of the method was presented in the paper.