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Effect of tripping velocity profiles on wellbore pressures and dynamic loading of drillstring.

Zhaoyang Wang, Stefan Miska, Mengjiao Yu, Nicholas Takach

Vol. 30, no. 1 (2013), s. 269-285, [1]

Full text: pdfPDF


Tripping events are expensive and time-consuming. Thus, minimizing tripping time through choosing optimized tripping velocity becomes urgent. Surge or swab pressures in the wellbore and dynamic loading of drillstring will be generated during tripping. Also, dynamic velocity, which is the velocity at the bottom of drillstring, is different from the input velocity at surface. The effect of tripping velocity profile, i.e., tripping velocity changes with time, on the hook load, downhole pressure changes and drillstring dynamic velocity should be fully studied to achieve the optimization. In this study, the effects of tripping velocity profile on loading of drillstring, dynamic velocity and downhole pressure is investigated using numerical simulation. Bergeron's graphical method and Lubinski's approach are utilized to perform the simulations. Components of drillstring, wellbore depth, drillstring length and mud properties are also included in the simulations. Through the current work, a driller's typical way of changing tripping velocity may not be the best one. Selection of tripping velocity profiles should be adapted to depth: higher velocity, triangular/parabolic profiles in shallow wells and lower velocity, trapezoidal profiles in deep wells. Also, based on simulations, the oscillation magnitude of dynamic velocity can be as high as twice that of velocity at surface.